Over 300 Trans People Were Murdered This Past Year, New Report Finds

A new report by the Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT) team, initiated by Transgender Europe, found that over 300 transgender and gender-diverse people were murdered in the last year.

TVT’s Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) research project found that from October 1, 2018, to September 30, 2019, there were 331 cases of transgender and gender-diverse people who were murdered. The latest report was released on Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDOR), which remembers the transgender people who lost their lives to anti-transgender violence.

Quick Facts About the Report

  • Brazil had the most murders against transgender and gender-diverse people, with 130 cases. Mexico was second with 63 cases. The U.S. followed with 31 murder cases of transgender and gender-diverse people.

  • Between January 1, 2008, and September 30, 2019, there have been 3314 reported murder cases in 74 countries, according to the TMM data

  • The report found that 61 percent of victims were sex workers.

  • In the U.S., 85% of the trans people that were murdered were transgender women of color and/or Native American trans women.

What You Should Know

On Monday, the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) published a report stating that in the U.S., anti-transgender violence is a national epidemic. The report, which was titled “A National Epidemic: Fatal Anti-Transgender Violence in the United States in 2019” found that at least 22 transgender and non-conforming people have been murdered in the U.S. since the beginning of 2019.

The report also found that over 90 percent of the victims were Black transgender women, 80 percent of the women were under the age of 30, and 68 percent of the women lived in the South.

“Transgender women of color are living in crisis, especially Black transgender women,” HRC President Alphonso David said in a statement. “While the details of the cases documented in this report differ, the toxic intersection of racism, sexism, transphobia and easy access to guns conspire to deny so many members of the transgender and gender non-conforming community access to housing, employment and other necessities to survive and thrive.

Every one of these lives cut tragically short reinforces the urgent need for action on all fronts to end this epidemic — from lawmakers and law enforcement, to the media and our communities.”

Read Their Names

  1. Dana Martin - The 31-year-old was killed in Montgomery, Alabama, on January 6, according to The New York Times. Martin, a Black transgender woman, was reportedly found in a roadside ditch in her car with a fatal gunshot wound. The investigation into her killing is still ongoing.

  2. Jazzaline Ware - The HRC states that Ware, a 34-year-old Black, transgender woman living in Memphis, Tennessee, was found dead in her apartment in March. Some sources state Ware died of natural causes but there is an ongoing investigation by the HRC and other advocates into her death.

  3. Ashanti Carmon - Carmon, a 27-year-old Black transgender woman who was living in Prince Geroge’s County, Maryland, was fatally shot on March 30, ABC7 previously reported.

  4. Claire Legato - On April 15, Legato, a 21-year-old Black transgender woman living in Cleveland, Ohio, was shot during a fight between her, her mother and the suspect. She died from her injuries on May 14.

  5. Muhlaysia Booker - Booker, a 23-year-old Black transgender woman, was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas, on May 18. A month before her death, Booker made headlines after a three-minute video of her being assaulted went viral.

  6. Michelle “Tamika” Washington - The 40-year-old, Black transgender woman, who was an advocate and mentor in the Philadelphia LGBTQ community, was fatally shot on May 19, in Philadelphia, a day after Booker was murdered, The Philadelphia Inquirer reported.

  7. Paris Cameron - The 20-year-old, Black transgender woman was one of three people killed during an anti-gay attack on May 20 in Detroit, Michigan, Buzzfeed News reported. Alunte Davis, 21, and Timothy Blancher, 20, two gay men, were also found dead at the scene.

  8. Chynal Lindsey - Lindsey, a 26-year-old Black transgender woman living in Dallas, Texas, was found dead on June 1, according to authorities. Dallas Police Chief U. Reneé Hall said that Lindsey was a victim of “homicidal violence.” Lindsey was the second transgender woman killed in Dallas that year.

  9. Chanel Scurlock - The 23-year-old Black, transgender woman was fatally shot in Lumberton, North Carolina on June 6, according to The News & Observer.

  10. Zoe Spears - The 23-year-old Black, transgender woman living in Prince George’s County, Maryland, was shot and killed on June 13, WJLA reported. She was the second transgender woman killed in Maryland in 2019.

  11. Brooklyn Lindsey - Lindsey, a 32-year-old Black transgender woman living in Kansas City, Missouri, was fatally shot on June 25, WDAF-TV reported.

  12. Denali Berries Stuckey - The 29-year-old, Black transgender woman, was fatally shot on July 20 in North Charleston, South Carolina, HuffPost reported.

  13. Tracy Single - Single, also known as Tracy Williams, a 22-year-old, Black transgender woman, was found dead by police at a gas station in Houston, Texas, on July 30, The Advocate previouslyreported. Her body was discovered to have a puncture wound and lacerations, according to a report. A man police say Single was dating,Joshua Dominic Bourgeois, was charged with her murder.

  14. Kiki Fantroy - The 21-year-old, Black transgender woman, was fatally shot in Miami, Florida on July 31, just one day after Single’s death, WTVJ reported.

  15. Bubba Walker - Walker, a 55-year-old Black transgender woman, was killed in a house fire in Charlotte, North Carolina, in July, The Charlotte Observer reported. Her case is being investigated as a homicide, but arrests have yet to be made.

  16. Pebbles LaDime “Dime” Doe - Doe, 24, a Black, transgender woman, was shot and killed in Allendale County, South Carolina, on August 4, NBC News reported.

  17. Bailey Reeves- According to the HRC, Reeves, a 17-year-old Black transgender woman, was shot multiple times on September 2. She was taken to a nearby hospital, where she died of her injuries.

  18. Bee Love Slater - Only two days after the death of Reeves, Slater, a 23-year-old Black transgender woman, was burned to death in her car on September 4 in Clewiston, Florida, CBS News reported.

  19. Jamagio Jamar Berryman - Berryman, who also went by Ja’leyah-Jamar, was killed in Kansas City, Kansas on September 30. There are varying reports on the 30-year-old, Black LGBTQ person, as some local advocates say Jamagio did not identify as transgender and used “he/him” pronouns, according to the HRC.

  20. Itali Marlowe - The 29-year-old Black, transgender woman was shot and killed in Houston, Texas, on September 20. Raymond Donald Williams, a man police say was living with Marlowe at the time of her death has been charged with her murder.

  21. Brianna “BB” Hill - Hill, a 30-year-old Black transgender woman, was shot and killed in Kansas City, Missouri, on October 14, according to KCTV.

  22. Jordan Cofer - Cofer, a 22-year-old transgender man, was one of the nine victims that were shot and killed during the mass shooting in Dayton, Ohio, on August 4, Teen Vogue previously reported. Cofer, who was the shooter’s sibling, was misgendered by multiple media outlets following the news of the shooting.

What Now

Sarah McBride, the National Press Secretary for the HRC, told The North Star that the crimes against transgender women of color and the rest of the transgender community is violence that is either hate-based or hate influenced. She noted that there are a number of steps that need to be taken to end this violence.

McBride said LGBTQ people still do not have clear protections from discrimination in their every day lives, like stable employment and stable housing.

“The lack of clear protections, and the lack of access to stable employment and stable shelter oftentimes pushes transgender people onto the street, into underground economies and outside of society traditional mechanisms for safety and security,” McBride told TNS. “From a legislative standpoint, we need clear protections from discrimination throughout daily life.”

McBride also said Congress needs to make it clear that the reporting of hate crime data at the local and state level needs to be mandatory, and it must make an investment in job opportunities for marginalized groups of people.

She also mentioned that communities need to make sure law enforcement is properly serving the LGBTQ community.

“We need to combat this political rhetoric, these dehumanizing political attacks and the broader societal stigma that surrounds transgender people,” McBride said.