FBI Report Reveals Increase in Hate Crimes Against Hispanic and Transgender People in 2018
|thenorthstar||Nov 13, 2019|
Hate crimes against transgender and Hispanic people have increased in 2018, and are becoming more violent according to FBI data.
The FBI released the 2018 Hate Crime statistics on Tuesday, which found that hate crimes across the U.S. saw a slight decrease in 2018, from 7,175 reported criminal incidents in 2017 to 7,120 in 2018. Despite this, the data found that Hispanic and transgender people have been subjected to an increase of hate crimes in 2018. The types of crimes have also become more violent, according to experts.
Quick Facts about the Report
The FBI states that a hate crime is a “criminal offense against a person or property, motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity.”
In 2018, there were 7,036 single-bias incidents involving 8,646 victims. Out of those victims, 59.6 % were targeted based on their race/ethnicity/ancestry, 18.7 % were victims because of their religion and 16.7 % were victimized because of their sexual orientation
53.6 % of hate crime offenders were white, according to the FBI report.
The FBI report found that 50% of race-based crimes were directed at Black people.
There was a 14% rise in anti-Hispanic hate crimes.
Hate crimes against the LGBTQ community has increased by 6%.
There have been 184 crime offenses in 2018 that were motivated by bias against transgender or gender non-conformists.
Last year, there were 157 hate crimes motived by anti-transgender bias and 27 offenses motivated by bias toward gender non-conforming people, according to the report. In 2017, there were 118 incidents that were anti-transgender and 13 incidents against gender non-conforming individuals.
Why it Matters The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) hastracked 22 transgender or gender non-conformists that have been killed this year, and 19 of them were Black.
Hate crimes against Hispanics in 2018 were not just up, they were also violent. In August, a gunman entered a Walmart in El Paso, Texas, and killed 22 people.
The gunman, who has been identified as 21-year-old Patrick Crusius from Dallas, reportedly wanted to stop a “Hispanic Invasion of Texas,” according to a manifesto he wrote obtained by police, CNN reported. The manifesto, which was titled “The Inconvenient Truth,” and published on 8chan, is a 2,300-word document filled with hate-filled language against Latinos. In the manifesto, Crusius wrote that he wants Latinos to leave the U.S. and opposes “race-mixing,” according to CNN.
Brian Levin, the director of the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism, who also produced his own study on hate crimes, told The North Star that based on the recent FBI statistics, violent crimes have reached a 16-year high in 2018.
“We’re getting more diverse and more violent,” Levin said.
The FBI data also shows that as hate crimes against Hispanics and Latinos have increased, fewer were committed against Muslims and Arab-Americans than in years past.
“We’re seeing a swapping out victims of Muslims with Latinos,” Levin told TNS. “When we have rhetoric that is focusing on these certain issues, in a particularly poor sub-culture where the guardrails are off, you’re going to have more discussions taking place, particularly in certain parts of the internet, that are just exercises in derisive stereotyping.”
What Can Be Done Sindy Benavides, the National CEO of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) told TNS that the media needs to increase its white supremacy coverage, and do a better job explaining why it’s such a real threat to our democracy. Doing so will help end hate against Hispanic and Latinos.
“We do want the federal government, especially this administration, to denounce white supremacy and for the FBI to make sure it mandatory to track these hate crimes,” Benavides said.
Although there were more than 16,000 law enforcement agencies that reported their hate crime statistics to the FBI last year, there are still hate crimes that go unreported. HRC President Alphonso David also noted that to address the hate and violence against transgender and non-gender conforming individuals, there also needs to be better training for police to be able to identify hate crimes.
“These numbers represent real people — people with friends, families and lives. The epidemic of violence against LGBTQ people and specifically against transgender women of color is staggering, and it is something we must address head-on,” David said in a statement to TNS. “For that to happen, we need mandatory hate crime reporting across the country, better training for law enforcement officers to recognize bias-motivated crime and greater inclusion and equity in our communities.”
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