The political thought and activism of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. reverberates throughout contemporary social justice movements in America and beyond. Malcolm and Martin created new conceptions of Black citizenship and dignity, and in the process innovated new forms of resistance against multiple forms of political, racial, and economic oppression. They represent two of the most important Black political revolutionaries of the twentieth century. Over the course of their public careers as activists, Malcolm and Martin drew closer to each other – although they met only once in person.
Yet in popular culture, the two are largely remembered as political opposites. Malcolm famously repudiated Martin’s “